COVID-19 has intensified violence against women
Socio-economic stressors such as employment and external stressors such as food insecurity and family relations have a significant impact, not only on experiences of violence or feelings of safety but also on women’s well-being overall.
Women are feeling more unsafe at home
The findings revealed that women are feeling less safe at home as conflicts between adults at home has increased, along with the occurrence or threat of physical violence, or because other women in the household have been hurt.
Women feel less safe in public spaces
Violence against women in public spaces remains a key deterrent to women’s mobility during COVID-19. It limits their access to employment, essential services, and recreational activities. It also negatively impacts their health and well-being.
Women are reluctant to seek help outside the family
For violence that occurs within the home, most women tend to seek help from family than from the authorities, but more women seek help from police when it comes to sexual harassment in public spaces.
Violence against women during COVID-19 is linked to other negative outcomes
Women who experienced or know other women who experienced violence since COVID-19, were more likely to be food insecure.
2 in 5 women said that COVID-19 has worsened their overall mental and emotional health.
Women who experienced or know women who experienced violence since COVID-19 were 1.3 times as likely to report increased mental and emotional stress as women who did not.
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Call to action
About the study
Put women at the center of responses, including policy solutions
to ensure that women’s voices, needs and rights are reflected in pandemic responses, recovery, planning and decision-making.
Allocate additional resources and include evidence-based measures
to address violence against women and girls in COVID-19 recovery and response plans through holistic and multi-sectoral measures that are fully integrated within national and local policies.
Strengthen services for women who experience violence, including where COVID-19 has increased existing risk factors and vulnerabilities.
Efforts implemented since the onset of the pandemic to strengthen services must be maintained as a priority of recovery plans, and all women and girls must be aware of and able to access quality available services.
Invest in medium- and long-term prevention efforts to end violence against women and girls
that address gender norms, root causes and risk factors, especially for those that have been exacerbated by COVID-19. Prevention initiatives can include messaging to influence social norms through media, dedicated curricula in both formal and informal education systems, and economic and livelihoods support to women and households.
Ensure that gender statistics and sex-disaggregated data are collected regularly, including to measure the impacts of COVID-19 and short- and long-term violence against women and girls
This includes resuming national prevalence survey data collection on VAW and strengthening administrative data systems. Ensure that data capture intersectionality and marginalized groups. To this end, further investments in gender data are paramount. If regular prevalence surveys cannot be conducted, the VAW RGAs have proven to be an innovative solution.
UN Women conducted Rapid Gender Assessments specifically focused on VAW and COVID-19 (VAW RGAs). The study is producing the first set of reliable, cross-country, and nationally representative data on topics related to VAW, women’s safety at home and in the public sphere during COVID-19 and access to resources, services, among others.
The VAW RGAs were implemented in 13 countries (from April - September 2021): Albania, Bangladesh, Cameroon, Colombia, Côte d’Ivoire, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Morocco, Nigeria, Paraguay, Thailand and Ukraine.
The study was supported by national statistical offices (NSOs) or national women’s machineries and funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The survey research partner was Ipsos. A technical advisory group guided the process and regular consultations were done with external partners to inform the study.