Tonga

Oceania

Globally, some progress on women’s rights has been achieved. In Tonga, 10.1% of women aged 20–24 years old who were married or in a union before age 18. The adolescent birth rate is 30 per 1,000 women aged 15–19 as of 2016, the same as in 2011.

However, work still needs to be done in Tonga to achieve gender equality. As of February 2021, only 7.4% of seats in parliament were held by women. In 2009, 18.9% of women aged 15-49 years reported that they had been subject to physical and/or sexual violence by a current or former intimate partner in the previous 12 months. Moreover, women of reproductive age (15-49 years) often face barriers with respect to their sexual and reproductive health and rights: in 2019, 49.9% of women had their need for family planning satisfied with modern methods.

As of december 2020, only 18.9% of indicators needed to monitor the SDGs from a gender perspective were available, with gaps in key areas, in particular: unpaid care and domestic work. In addition, many areas – such as gender and poverty, physical and sexual harassment, women’s access to assets (including land), and gender and the environment – lack comparable methodologies for reguar monitoring. Closing these gender data gaps is essential for achieving gender-related SDG commitments in Tonga.

Gender data gaps and country performance

For this score, we use the 72 gender-specific SDG indicators in the Women Count Data Hub’s SDG Dashboard for the 193 UN Member States. For each indicator, we calculate the 33rd and 66th percentiles of the distribution and, based on those two values, countries are classified as belonging to high performance, medium performance and low performance categories. For more details, see the methodological note and the article “We now have more gender-related SDG data than ever, but is it enough?”


  • Low performance
  • Medium performance
  • High performance
  • Missing data

Country score - Tonga

Average region score - Oceania

Economic

Inclusive development, shared prosperity and decent work

1.1.1 Employed population below international poverty line. Age 15+.
  • Female
  • Male
1.3.1 Proportion of population above statutory pensionable age receiving a pension.
  • Female
  • Male
8.5.2 Unemployment rate. Age 15+.
  • Female
  • Male

Social

Social protection, poverty and freedom from violence, stigma & stereotypes

1.3.1 Proportion of mothers with newborns receiving maternity cash benefit.
2.1.2 Prevalence of severe food insecurity in the adult population (%).
  • Female
  • Male
3.1.1 Maternal mortality ratio (Per 100,000 live births).
3.7.2 Adolescent birth rate (per 1,000 women aged 15-19 years).
Literacy rate, age 15+.
  • Female
  • Male
Rate of out of school children. Primary and Lower Secondary education.
  • Female
  • Male
5.2.1 Proportion of ever-partnered women and girls subjected to physical and/or sexual violence by a current or former intimate partner in the previous 12 months. Age 15-49.
5.3.1 Proportion of women aged 20-24 years who were married or in a union before age 18 (%)
  • Before age 15.
  • Before age 18.
5.4.1 Proportion of time spent on unpaid domestic chores and care work. All locations.
  • Female
  • Male

Political

Political participation, accountability and gender-responsive institutions

5.1.1 Legal frameworks that promote, enforce and monitor gender equality (percentage of achievement, 0 - 100)
  • Area 1: overarching legal frameworks and public life
  • Area 2: violence against women
  • Area 3: employment and economic benefits
  • Area 4: marriage and family
5.5.1
  • Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments (% of total number of seats)
  • Proportion of elected seats held by women in deliberative bodies of local government
5.5.2
  • Proportion of women in managerial positions
  • Proportion of women in senior and middle management positions
5.c.1 Proportion of countries with systems to track and make public allocations for gender equality and women's empowerment.

Environmental

Environmental conservation, protection and rehabilitation

3.9.1 Age-standardized mortality rate attributed to household air pollution (deaths per 100,000 population).
6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services, by urban/rural.
7.1.2 Proportion of population with primary reliance on clean fuels and technology.

Gender-specific indicators

Value increased
Value decreased
Value unchanged
Low performance
Medium performance
High performance
expand all collapse all
1. No Poverty
2. Zero Hunger
3. Good Health & Wellbeing
4. Quality Education
5. Gender Equality
8. Decent Work to Economic Growth
9. Industry, Innovation & Infrastructure
10. Reduced Inequalities
11. Sustainable Cities & Communities
13. Climate Action
16. Peace, Justice, & Strong Institutions
17. Partnership for the Goals
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