Spain

Europe

Globally, some progress on women’s rights has been achieved. In Spain, 91.7% of legal frameworks that promote, enforce and monitor gender equality, with a focus on violence against women, are in place. The adolescent birth rate is 7.6 per 1000 population as of 2016, down from 7.7 per 1000 population in 2015. As of February 2019, 41.1% of parliament seats are held by women.

However, work still needs to be done in Spain to achieve gender equality. In 2012, 2% of women aged 15-49 years reported that they had been subject to physical and/or sexual violence by a current or former intimate partner in the previous 12 months. Also, women and girls aged 20+ spend 19% of their time on unpaid care and domestic work compared to 8.6% spent by men.

In Spain, only 41.8% of indicators needed to monitor the SDGs from a gender perspective are available, with gaps in key areas such as Skills in Information and Communication Technology (ICT). In addition, many areas such as gender and poverty, women’s access to assets including land, physical and sexual harassment, and gender and the environment currently lack comparable methodologies for comprehensive and periodic monitoring. Addressing these gender data gaps is a prerequisite for understanding the situation of women and girls in Spain and for achieving the gender-related SDGs commitments.

Gender data gaps and country performance

For this score, we use the 62 gender-specific SDG indicators in the Women Count Data Hub’s SDG Dashboard for the 193 UN Member States. For each indicator, we calculate the 33rd and 66th percentiles of the distribution and based on those two values countries are classified as belonging to High performance, Medium performance and Low performance categories. For more details, see the methodological note, and the Feature article, Use data to take the guesswork out of policymaking


  • Low performance
  • Medium performance
  • High performance
  • Missing Data

Country Score - Spain

Average Region Score - Europe

Economic

Inclusive development, shared prosperity and decent work

1.1.1 Employed population below international poverty line. Age 15+.
  • Female
  • Male
1.3.1 Proportion of population above statutory pensionable age receiving a pension.
  • Female
  • Male

Social

Social protection, poverty and freedom from violence, stigma & stereotypes

1.3.1 Proportion of mothers with newborns receiving maternity cash benefit.
2.1.2 Prevalence of severe food insecurity in the adult population (%).
3.1.1 Maternal mortality ratio (Per 100,000 live births).
3.7.2 Adolescent birth rate (per 1,000 women aged 15-19 years).
Literacy rate, age 15+.
  • Female
  • Male
Rate of out of school children. Primary Education.
  • Female
  • Male
5.2.1 Proportion of ever-partnered women and girls subjected to physical and/or sexual violence by a current or former intimate partner in the previous 12 months. Age 15-49.
5.3.1
  • Proportion of women aged 20-24 years who were married or in a union before age 15.
  • Proportion of women aged 20-24 years who were married or in a union before age 18.

Political

Political participation, accountability and gender-responsive institutions

5.1.1 Legal frameworks that promote, enforce and monitor gender equality (percentage of achievement, 0 - 100)
  • Area 1: overarching legal frameworks and public life
  • Area 2: violence against women
  • Area 3: employment and economic benefits
  • Area 4: marriage and family
5.5.1
  • Proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments (% of total number of seats)
  • Proportion of elected seats held by women in deliberative bodies of local government
5.5.2
  • Proportion of women in managerial positions
  • Proportion of women in senior and middle management positions
5.c.1 Proportion of countries with systems to track and make public allocations for gender equality and women's empowerment.

Environmental

Environmental conservation, protection and rehabilitation

3.9.1 Age-standardized mortality rate attributed to household air pollution (deaths per 100,000 population).
3.9.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services, by urban/rural.
7.1.2 Proportion of population with primary reliance on clean fuels and technology.

Gender-Specific Indicators

Value increasedValue decreasedValue unchanged
expand all collapse all
1. No Poverty
2. Zero Hunger
3. Good Health & Wellbeing
4. Quality Education
5. Gender Equality
8. Decent Work to Economic Growth
9. Industry, Innovation & Infrastructure
10. Reduced Inequalities
11. Sustainable Cities & Communities
13. Climate Action
16. Peace, Justice, & Strong Institutions
17. Partnership for the Goals
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